FULL POLICY REPORTS

Several examples of policy reports from previous semesters are listed below. Not all policy reports are made public due to confidentiality agreements with government entities.

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FACEBOOK

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In this research report, our Policy Team aims to provide a workable answer to the following question: In the absence of social media-specific directives from the UN and global governing bodies, how can Facebook use existing human rights frameworks to construct a rights-based approach to misinformation and harm? We begin with a review of existing legislation and human rights guidance with respect to content moderation and misinformation on social media, and proceed to identify gaps in the current ability of international law to combat and measure the consequences of misinformation. We then analyze three international case studies where misinformation on social media has resulted in ethnic violence, and analyze the exact nature of both the types of content shared and the conditions necessary to result in violence and human rights violations. Using the findings of these case studies, we then propose a framework on defining a given post of misinformation as incitement to ethnic violence. Such a framework is then employed to recommend content policies which, in conversation with the current Community Standards, provide a clearer understanding of how Facebook can adopt a human rights-based approach with regards to viral misinformation.

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U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL - SPACE POLICY

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Achieving US leadership in space requires strategic collaboration both with the private sector and public sector. Maintaining US leadership in space is essential to setting the norms in a new domain, encouraging collaboration and further scientific advancements, and preventing the breakout of any conflict. With states such as China and Russia expanding their influence in space with potential for collaboration, it is necessary for the US to create strategic partnerships with entities that do not pose a risk to US national security. With this goal, in this paper, we propose a series of recommendations for strategic collaboration with the private sector in the US and foreign countries that do not jeopardize US national security interests. We close each section with a case study looking at SpaceX, India, and Japan. Ultimately, we realize for the US to lead in space, it must expand its reach within its private sector and strategically work with other countries.

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USAID MISSION TO IRAQ

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

To address the struggles of Iraqi women, reforms must be introduced, starting at the legislative level. Particularly, Article 128 and Article 398 of the Penal Code, as well as Article 49 of the Constitution, pertain respectively to limited sentences for honor killings, the absolvement of charges against rapists upon marrying their victims, and the right for men to discipline their wives. Clarifying the contradictory interpretations of these laws and improving the ability of police to enforce them is a necessary first step to aid Iraqi women. Moreover, protections for peaceful protestors and a reduction of censorship would assist Iraqi activists. Additionally, humanitarian aid should focus on aiding impoverished women, homeless women, and women’s healthcare. Lastly, outreach programs focused on women’s opportunities in the workplace and access to education could develop more independence for Iraqi women. USAID can best assist these women by focusing its efforts on the domains of legislative reform, humanitarian aid, labor, education, and healthcare. To do so, USAID could provide recognition, support, and financial aid to NGOs, local activist groups, and grassroots organizations in Iraq. Currently, there are a large array of NGOs that are already lending aid to Iraqi women in these domains. By supporting these organizations, USAID could improve Iraq’s ability to positively reform from within.

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U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL - EUROPEAN AFFAIRS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 In a data-driven effort to analyze and achieve these objectives, our team additionally developed an index to measure the approximate level of potential for bilateral economic cooperation between each EU member state and China or the United States. With these goals in mind the United States should: Restore closer economic ties with the EU and explore the creation of a free trade zone open to nations that meet certain standards of market openness, individual freedoms, and democratic institutions; In partnership with the EU, establish a “Democracy Bank” (DemBank) to serve as an alternative to the AIIB around the world, with a particular focus on sub-Saharan Africa and Eastern Europe.

Increase cooperation with Europe on IT issues such as data collection and availability, 5G deployment and competition with Huawei, development of O-RAN technologies, and establishment of interoperability standards for greater facility in business collaboration and network equipment deployment. Specifically in the region of Africa, it is imperative to collaborate with European telecom companies to provide more secure Western alternatives alongside financing supported by the DemBank subsidies and other incentives.; Revitalize and revise former climate agreements with China in an attempt to reestablish cooperation between the two powers.; The US must consider member states of the EU on an individual basis in addition to looking at the Union as a whole in order to effectively address unique circumstances defining the bilateral relationships between European nations, the US, and China.

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SWEDEN - MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This report presents gendered analyses of several ongoing economic, social, and policy areas to be flagged for the Government Offices of Sweden’s consideration as they determine the nation’s most optimal COVID-19 economic recovery strategies. Representatives working for the Swedish government, which maintains a strong commitment to feminist policy, have commissioned this report to assess meaningful policy actions for the economic empowerment of women living in Sweden. We first provide detailed background information on historical and modern-day issues relevant to the report’s aim, closely examining the presence of gendered elements within major issues. We then expand on potential policy interventions to address disparities within these issues. This report makes policy recommendations that address (1) combating gender-based violence (2) reforming Swedish paid leave structuring (3) strategies to strengthen Sweden’s healthcare policy and its retention of healthcare workers (4) the enhancement of female entrepreneurship through the feminist trade policy agenda (5) specific economic recovery considerations for foreign-born female workers and (6) steps toward greater inclusivity of gender minorities in these considerations.